Prehistory

Aboriginal presence in Pointe-du-Buisson (Melocheville) and in the Sorel region

17th century

1642
The founding of the city of Sorel, forth oldest city in Canada.

1657
Year that Longueuil was founded through a Seigneury concession act to Charles Le Moyne.

1665
Louis XIV decides to come to the aid of the colony and sends the Carignan-Salière regiment to face the Iroquois threat.

1665
Construction of Route 1 "Chemin Chambly" between the cities of Chambly and Longueuil by the troops of the Carignan-Salière regiment, under the orders of Daniel Rentry de Courcelle, governor of New France. First road suitable for cars in Canada.

1665
Construction of a wooden fort in Chambly, near the Richelieu River rapids, in order to prohibit the Iroquois access to the region.

1667
The founding of the François-Xavier Mission in La Prairie to teach Native Americans the Christian religion.

1668
The founding of Boucherville. Settlement of Pierre Boucher on the land of "Seigneuries des Îles-Percées".

1673
The founding of Châteauguay.

18th century

1708
Construction of a windmill in Pointe-du-Moulin on l’Île-Perrot.

1709
A stone fort replaces the wooden fort in Chambly.

1716-1717
The Saint-François-Xavier Mission is moved and becomes Kahnawake.

1748
The founding of the city of Saint-Hyacinthe.

1750
The French dig the Rigolet Canal in Côteau-du-lac. First canal in North America.

1759
The French undertake the construction of a star-shaped fort on l’Île-aux-Noix. It will become British in 1760.

1759-1760
Battle of Québec and defeat of Montcalm on the Plains of Abraham. The French colony is surrendered to the British.

1768
The return from exile after the "Great Upheaval" of 1755 (the expulsion of the Acadians), who settle in Sainte-Marguerite-de Blairfindie, which becomes "petite Acadie" and then L’Acadie.

1775
Battle against the American troops at Dorion.

1779-1780
The British build the first canal lock in North America in Coteau-du-Lac. An octagonal bunker will ensure its protection starting in 1812.

1781
The British build the Lacolle River Blockhouse(the only building of its type in Québec still intact).

19th century

1813
Under the orders of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel de Salaberry, the Canadian troops take down the American army at Allan’s Corner, better known as "The Battle of the Châteauguay".

1819
The construction of military buildings, by the British, on the site of the old French fort of l’Île-aux-Noix, which is Fort-Lennox.

1836
Inauguration of the first Canadian railroad between La Prairie and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu.

1837-1838
Patriots’ rebellion against the British regime. Victory at Saint-Denis.

1843
Inauguration of the Chambly Canal, open to commercial navigation on the Richelieu River.

1845
The construction of the Beauharnois Canal.

1851
Inauguration of the first international railroad between Longueuil and Portland via Acton Vale.

1860
Construction of Victoria Bridge. First bridge linking Montréal and the South Shore.

1861
Construction of a covered bridge in Powerscourt (Hinchinbrooke). It is the oldest covered bridge in Canada.

1879
Opening of world known organ builders, Casavant et Frères, in Saint-Hyacinthe.

20th century

1909
Opening of King Edward amusement park on l’Île Groisbois in Boucherville. It closes its doors permanently in 1922.

1930
The Airship R100, coming from Carling in Great Britain, lands in Saint-Hubert after its first and only transatlantic flight.

1959
Opening of the Saint-Lawrence Seaway.

1978
UNESCO recognizes Mont Saint-Hilaire as the first "Biosphere Reserve" in Canada.

2000
UNESCO recognizes the Archipelago of Lake Saint-Pierre as the second "Biosphere Reserve" in Montérégie.